Velie Carriage Co. started in 1902 by Willard Velie, John Deere’s youngest grandson, the Velie Carriage Company of Moline made 21,000 buggies and surreys in 1907 alone.
A surrey is a horse-drawn, four-wheeled, two-seated pleasure carriage.
A wagon is a heavy four-wheeled horse drawn vehicle pulled by draught animals; it was formerly often called a wain, and if low and sideless may be called a dray, trolley or float. Wagons are used for transporting goods, agricultural materials or sometimes people.
Emma and Stephen had three sons, Stephen H. Jr., Charles and Willard L., all of whom were closely associated with Deere & Co. throughout their lives. Stephen Jr. worked for many years at the Kansas City branch, becoming manager in 1904, while Charles spent most of his long career at the Minneapolis branch. The youngest, Willard, worked for Deere from 1890 to 1900 before leaving to start Velie Carriage Co. The only Velie son to serve on the Deere & Co. board of directors, Willard was elected to that post after his father’s death in ’95 and stayed on the board for many years, resigning in 1921.
1902 - 1907
A buckboard is a four-wheeled wagon of simple construction meant to be drawn by a horse or other large animal. The "buckboard" is the front-most board on the wagon that could act as both a footrest for the driver and protection for the driver from the horse's rear hooves in case of a "buck".