The Falls are 890km far from their spring, with a water volume varying from 300m3/second to 6.500m3/second at the point. The Falls began to be formed approximately 150 million years ago, resulting from a huge pouring of whiny lava. That allowed the Iguazu River’s waters to slowly but constantly excavate the river’s bed until it had the present form. The Falls are formed by a group of 272 falls, with a maximum height of 82m. The biggest attraction is the so called “Devil’s throat” where the biggest volume of water passes, with a strong and impressive roar that can be heard several kilometers far.
The impressive Iguazú Falls region is located on the border between Argentina and Brazil. It constitutes the largest remnant area of Parana Interior Forest which, together with the sea coast or Atlantic forest, once covered the whole southeast of Brazil, Misiones province in Argentina and the northeast of Paraguay. With almost 2 million acres of continued Sub-tropical Rainforest, most of it within Misiones province, this area forms the first Green Corridor in the world comprising 3 countries.Searching the magnificent Iguazú Falls gives an excellent opportunity of enjoying an incredible flora adapted to the moisture of the falls and of observing the Great-Dusky Swifts in its restricted roosting habitat. Two National Parks and several state parks provide excellent habitat for hundreds of bird species, some of them threatened like Solitary Tinamou, Black-fronted Piping-Guan, Spot-backed Antshrike, Red-ruffed Fruitcrow, Plush-crested Jay, Surucua Trogon, several species of Euphonias, Blue-naped Chlorophonia and Green-headed Tanager, Sao Paulo Tyrannulet and many others. There are also mammals around the falls like coatis, agouties, and Brown-capuchin Monkey.
Our birding tour will visit both sides of the falls and will concentrate in finding all the specialties from the region.
Day 02: IGUAZU NATIONAL PARK – ARGENTINA. Full day visit to the Argentinian side of the falls, early breakfast and birding the Macuco Trail will produce Gray-fronted Dove, White-eyed Parakeet, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Toco Toucan, Campo Flicker, White-bearded & Blue Manakins, Blond-crested Woodpecker, Surucua Trogon, and a good array of antbirds such as: Short-tailed Antthrush, Tufted, Spot-backed & Variable Antshrikes, Rufous-winged Antwren, White-shouldered Fire-Eye & Plain Antvireo, Rufous-fronted, Ochre-breasted & Black-capped Foliage-Gleaners, Southern Antpipit and many more. Once the birding activity decrease is time for our lunch and then we will see the falls in close views, the falls look more impressive from the Devil's throat, where we can see Great Dusky Swifts. By the end of the day we will come back to our hotel, dinner and recharge our energies for the next morning. (B,L,D)
Day 03: URUGUA-I STATE PARK – ARGENTINA. Today we will bird this State Park, which due to less visitors has more bird activity. Breakfast and lunch will be served in the field, because we will leave the hotel very early to get there in time for the birds. Two trails could be explore here, and chances for Black-fronted Piping-Guan (vulnerable), Saffron Toucanet, Southern Bristle-Tyrant and Bay-ringed Tyrannulet (all three near-threatened), Scaly-headed Parrot, Maroon-bellied Parakeet, Scale-throated Hermit, Plovercrest, Glitering-bellied Emerald, Rufous-capped Motmot, Red-breasted Toucan, Ochre-collared Piculet, Robust Woodpecker, Campo Flicker, White-spotted Woodpecker, Bertoni's Antbird, Variegated Antpitta, Rufous-capped Spinetail, Buff-browed & White eyed Foliage-Gleaners, Thrush-like Woodcreeper, Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant, Large-headed Flatbill, Plush-crested Jay, Magpie, Ruby-crowned, Black-goggled, Sayaca, Green-headed & Swallow Tanagers among others. By the end of the day, return to our hotel. (B,L,D)
Days 04: IGUAZU FALLS to SAO PAULO. Pre-breakfast birding along the Ruta 101, a dirt-road which cross Iguazu National Park. Breakfast and check out of our hotel going to the Brazilian side of the falls, more panoramic views and we may see something new around. South American Coaties, relative of racoons, are quiet common here. Lunch and transfer to airport for our flight to next destination or home. (B,L)
INCLUDED: Tour starts and ends in Foz de Iguazu, 03 overnights, all meals from dinner at day 01 to lunch at day 04, entrance park fees, outings as described, ground transportation, local English speaking ornithologist guide.
NOT INCLUDED: Air tickets to Foz de Iguazu, any kind of beverages including mineral water, medical costs or hospitalization, insurance, personal expenses as laundry, phone calls, etc.
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