CARAJAS, Carajás is located in southern Amazonia, inside the Floresta Nacional de Carajás, between the Xingú and Tocantins rivers in the Serra dos Carajás which rises abruptly out of the lowlands. Carajás is hilly and there are several escarpments where one has fine views over the canopy. The Vale do Rio Doce Company holds a mining concession in the area. There are four large mines for iron, manganese, copper and gold. The iron ore deposits are the largest in the world and so pure (66%) that your compass will not work near them. Due largely to the mining project, there are hundreds of miles of lightly traveled good roads inside pristine forest which allow easy access to good birding sites. Carajás is a superb birding destination harboring some very special and little known birds. Where the iron ore is at the surface the forest is replaced by "canga", a low, bushy vegetation with birds typical of cerrado. Once past the iron mine one enters a huge tract of terra firme forest. We will stay at a comfortable hotel located in the small company town (known as the Núcleo Urbano, or Urban Center) which was set up in the middle of the large forest reserve to support the mining operations. The better birding sites are a distance away from the hotel, so all our breakfasts will be very early, and we will have, as necessary, breakfasts and lunches in the field.
OUR TOURS: We run 06 days/05 nights birding tours, every month of the year limited to just 06 participants! Under request.
Southern Amazonia: Carajas, 06 Days / 05 Nights ItineraryDay 01 Early morning will be devote to explore the gallery forest of Brasilia NP where we will have chances to see Planalto Foliage-Gleaner, Helmeted Manakin, White-striped Warbler, Black-capped Antwren and many more. Transfer to Brasilia airport to catch our flight to Carajás (TAM JJ – 5588 10:30-14:00 operated by TOTAL regional airline). After our arrival we will explore the habitat of the extremely rare Black-chested Tyrant, and try to find it in our first afternoon. Other specialties includes the endemic Glossy Antshrike, Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant and many more.
Days 02, 03, 04 and 05 We will have four full days to explore Carajás and we could add several species to our parrot list. To name a few, Pearly and Painted Parakeets, Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet, Vulturine, White-bellied, Short-tailed, and Red-fan Parrots are all possible. Carajás also has a reputation of being very good for cotingas (White Bellbird, White-browed Purpletuft, Spangled Cotinga, White-tailed Cotinga and Purple-breasted Cotinga are possible) and has made news in the last few years when the Black-chested Tyrant was found in the area. Also possible in the area are the newly described Cryptic Forest Falcon and a new subspecies of Strong-billed Woodcreeper (considered by some ornithologists as a separate species, Carajás Woodcreeper). We will also be looking for Brazilian Tinamou, many raptors (including Orange-breasted Falcon and Harpy Eagle), White-crested Guan, Razor-billed Curassow, Common Piping-Guan, Dark-winged Trumpeter, Pavonine Cuckoo, Silky-tailed Nightjar, Fiery-tailed Awlbill, Blue-cheeked Jacamar, Rufous-necked and Collared Puffbirds, Rufous-capped Nunlet, Gould’s Toucanet, Red-necked Aracari, Peruvian Recurvebill, Point-tailed Palmcreeper, Pará Foliage-gleaner, Wing-banded Antbird, Chestnut-belted Gnateater, Black-bellied Gnateater, Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant, Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant, Zimmer’s Tody-Tyrant, Blackish Pewee, Opal-crowned Manakin, Guianan Gnatcatcher, Red-billed Pied-Tanager and many others. The potential for interesting discoveries is still high. We will also keep our eyes open for Jaguars, Cougars (we saw a beautiful one last year crossing the road right in front of us) and several species of primates (including the Red-handed Howler Monkey) which are still present in the large forest reserve.(B,L,D)
Day 06 We will have the morning of this day to choose a trail and do some birding before we take our flight back to Brasilia (TAM JJ 5589 operated by TOTAL regional airline 15:00-18:30. End of the trip. (B,L)
INCLUDED: The tour fee includes all lodging, meals chosen from the regular menu from lunch on Day 01 to lunch on Day 06, all ground transportation, entrance fees, the services of a full time Pantanal Bird Club naturalist guide. Rates are based upon group tariffs.
NOT INCLUDED: Items not included are airfare to and from Brazil and the flights within the country. The tour price does not include any airport taxes (there is an approximately $9 tax at each Brazilian airport and the roughly $36 departure tax), visa fees, optional tips to bus drivers and cooks, laundry and other personal expenses, items not on the menu of included meals, beverages including mineral water, room service, gratuities for beverages, optional gratuities for hotel housekeepers and the customary end-of-the-tour gratuity for the naturalist guide.
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